For many, these changes have resulted in loss of livelihood sources, thereby worsening inequality and poverty levels in the communities.
While Agriculture remain central to economic recovery and employment creation, its productivity depends on sound environmental management, biodiversity and adaptation to climate change.
This has been revealed by the UNDP Resident Representative Betty Wabunoha on Wednesday during the launch of the launch of Human Development Report 2020.
Lesotho’s primary crops are maize, beans, wheat, sorghum and peas. Over the years, droughts have had a devastating effect and destroyed many summer harvests and livestock. The mountainous terrain means that only about ten per cent of the land can be cultivated. But despite this, the country’s economy is largely dependent on agriculture.
Due to declining agricultural productivity as a result of climate change induced droughts, at least 500, 000 people have been declared food insecure, on annual basis for more than a decade.
The country has been recently experiencing torrential rains which further affect infrastructure and challenges sustainability of investment decisions and strategies moving forward.
“Let us remind ourselves that the recent assessment of the socio-economic impact of Covid-19 on the Kingdom of Lesotho by the UN and partners notes that agriculture has been the most resilient sector in the country. As such, this sector becomes central in the definition of the national recovery strategy,”
“Noting that agriculture productivity depends on sound environmental management, biodiversity and adaptation to climate change, green activities remain central to economic recovery and employment creation,” the UNDP Resident Representative Betty Wabunoha said on Wednesday when delivering her remarks.
Under the theme “The next frontier: Human development and the Anthropocene,” the report has focused on ways to expand people’s choices and their ability to live a long healthy life, to have access to schooling, to make a decent livelihood and to be able to achieve their full potential.